What are “the five solas”
The reformers developed language to articulate biblical truth that had been a reality since the beginning. Since each of them use the Latin word “sola” which means “alone” these five theological realities have become known as “The Five Solas.”
Sola Scriptura (“Scripture alone”): God’s Word (the Bible) alone is our highest authority for knowledge of God and salvation.
Sola Fide (“faith alone”): We are saved through faith alone in Jesus Christ, not by works.
Sola Gratia (“grace alone”): We are saved by the God’s grace alone, not by any merit of our own.
Solus Christus (“Christ alone”): Salvation is in Jesus Christ alone. He is our our Savior and Lord/King.
Soli Deo Gloria (“to the glory of God alone”): Our salvation, even our existence is for God’s glory alone, not for any other being’s glory.
The above video is from American Gospel: Christ Alone, a documentary about the gospel. It is well worth your viewing. This video beautifully illustrates “the five solas” in contrast to the Roman Catholic Council of Trent, though there are more groups than just hem teaching theological error as it relates to salvation.